How Many Puppies Can a Pug Have in a Litter?

How Many Puppies Can A Pug Have In A Litter?
Photo by Mike Knapek on Unsplash

Pugs have been popular for centuries. It is a loyal, lively, and friendly breed with a lot of charm and is known to have very goofy personalities, hence why they are loved from all around the world.

A Pug in the house is always a joy and they are very friendly around children and young families, however, if you are expecting a new arrival soon, or are planning to breed your Pug, you may have been wondering how many puppies you can expect in their litter. After all, it is a very exciting time for both you and your Pug – so a little curiosity doesn’t hurt and it’s always great to manage your expectations before the big day.

Therefore, in this article, we cover everything you should know about how many puppies a Pug can have in a litter and what you can expect!

What is the average litter size for Pugs?

A veterinarian will be able to give you an accurate estimation of how many puppies you can expect by conducting an x-ray or ultrasound towards the end of your dog’s pregnancy.

A Pug’s litter size will vary depending on the size of the dog, but on average, you can expect between 4 to 6 puppies in each litter, with larger Pugs having as many as 9 puppies. However, it is very possible for them to have a single puppy, so it will vary.

A Pug’s litter size will vary depending on the size of the dog, but on average, you can expect between 4 to 6 puppies in each litter, with larger Pugs having as many as 9 puppies
Infographic of the number of puppies a Pug can have in a litter, by Miniature Friends

How does a Pug’s litter size compare to other dog breeds?

Pugs are family-friendly breeds that have very goofy personalities and make an excellent choice for families with children and other small dog breeds. Even though Pugs are very small in size, on average, they produce a higher number of puppies in a single litter compared to other dog breeds.

Litter of Pug puppies
Photo by Shahmoradi FX on Unsplash

The Pug’s average litter size beats a French Bulldog (3 puppies), Yorkshire Terrier (3 puppies), Shih Tzu (3 puppies), Bulldog (4 puppies), Dachshund (3 puppies), Miniature Schnauzer (4 puppies), Chihuahua (3 puppies) and a Boston Terrier (4 puppies). A Pug’s average litter size is 5 puppies.

Below is a comparison of the average litter sizes by dog breeds, compared to a Pug.

Name of breedThe average number of puppies per litter
Rottweiler8 puppies
Labrador Retriever7 puppies
French Bulldog3 puppies
German Shepherd8 puppies
Golden Retriever8 puppies
Dalmatian7.5 puppies
Great Dane7 puppies
Beagle6 puppies
Corgi7 puppies
Husky6 puppies
Poodle5 puppies
Yorkshire Terrier3 puppies
Shih Tzu3 puppies
Bulldog4 puppies
Dachshund3 puppies
Miniature Schnauzer4 puppies
Chihuahua3 puppies
Boston Terrier4 puppies
Pug5 puppies
List of dog breeds and their average litter sizes.

How do I know my Pug is pregnant?

Lethargy, frequent sleep, increased appetite, weight gain, less frequent urination – these are all the main indicators of a Pug’s pregnancy, but it’s better to play it safe and visit the veterinarian a few weeks after mating to do an ultrasound to confirm the pregnancy.

During this period, it is worth closely monitoring your dog, as its entire body is completely rebuilt and begins to work to maintain a future offspring. It is worth preparing well for the birth of Pugs and building a safe environment for the Pug and its puppies for when they are born, this could include building a small house out of a refrigerator box, a pen that is covered with clean towels and sheets, and also includes a door so that the dog can go out if necessary.

You will want to make your home a pleasant and safe environment for your Pug after they give birth.

When can Pugs start breeding?

Sexual maturity in both males and females begins around the age of six months and lasts until the end of their life, although their fertility may decrease with age. It is important to choose the right time for the first mating of a Pug. It should not take place in the first estrus and no earlier than 15 months from the birth of the bitch.

Males can breed throughout the year while females must wait for the stage of estrus during their “heat” (stage accompanied by cleared bloody vaginal discharge and during which the female dog will accept mating). Mating lasts about twenty minutes on average. The pregnancy duration is about 63 days.  

What diet should I give my pregnant Pug?

Female Pugs that are pregnant require a certain diet to help ensure that they and their puppies receive the correct nutrients throughout their pregnancy, that doesn’t just apply to Pugs, but in fact, all dog breeds.

A pregnant Pug will need high amounts of soluble carbohydrates and low fibre food, as well as a diet that’s rich in calcium and phosphorous. Both of these are required to ensure proper bone formation, brain development as well as developing a nervous system, and adequate milk for nursing the newborns (1).

A suitable diet for a pregnant Pug is one that’s rich in calcium, high in soluble carbohydrates, and contains a good amount of protein and fat. This will help boost the chances of healthy and sizeable litter.

It’s recommended to take your Pug to a veterinarian throughout their pregnancy to ensure everything is all OK, however, you shouldn’t take them too much, as this can make the Pug worried, which could negatively affect her health and the health of the future offsprings. 

What should you not feed a pregnant Pug?

It’s especially important to not feed toxic foods to your Pug while they are pregnant, so it’s worthwhile familiarising yourself with what foods dogs can and can’t have. Usually, a small portion of toxic foods that are given to them accidentally is fine, however, in cases whereby the dog is pregnant, this could affect the litter, even in small amounts.

Pregnant dogs require a certain amount of calcium phosphorous to help develop their puppy’s bones and to ensure a healthy amount of milk production by the mother (2). You shouldn’t overfeed your dog or give them the wrong food, and you should ensure that you aren’t feeding them food that’s designed for larger breeds as this will contain a large number of nutrients, as well as calcium phosphorous, and high amounts of this could negatively impact them and their litter.

The number of puppies you can expect from your Pug’s litter

Your vet is going to be ready to provide a general estimate of what number of puppies there is by doing an ultrasound or x-ray towards the top of the gestation. The Pug puppies’ litter size will depend on the breed and size of your dog, with smaller dogs similar to Pugs having between 3 and 4 puppies on average. Compare that to medium and bigger size dogs who can have around 5 to eight.

How many puppies do pugs have? Usually, the number of puppies you can expect from a Pug ranges from 2 to 12, but on average, you can expect between 4 to 6 puppies in each litter, with larger pugs having as many as 9 puppies.

Picture of Pug puppies
Photo by Shahmoradi FX on Unsplash

The larger the litter the more strain is placed on the mother, thus if your vet estimates a bigger litter or thinks that your Pug may struggle to deliver and allow a natural birth, then they will provide you with the choice of a cesarean section.

However, this does come with risks, such as potential haemorrhage, pyometra, mastitis and peritonitis. If your mother is fatigued and debilitated before performing a cesarean, this can also include the likelihood of complications, so it should only be considered if your Pug is fit and healthy (3, 4)

Video of a Pug giving birth to puppies

Below is a video from Arien Landicho showing her Pug, Nashy, giving birth to beautiful babies.. (adorable!). This will help you understand the process a little more and give you an idea of what to expect on the big arrival day.

Pug giving birth to puppies

How can I help my Pug give birth to puppies?

Being a parent of a pregnant Pug isn’t easy and it will be a very scary moment when they start to give birth. You may panic and not know how to help your dog, so it’s important to understand the process and how you can support them before the big day.

There are some things you can do that will help make the process easier, here’s our top 5 tips to help a Pug give birth:

  1. If your Pug is having trouble giving birth, reach out to your veterinarian for assistance. This could be by a phone call or visit, they will be able to help determine if there are any complications and how to best help your dog.
  2. Don’t try to pull the puppies out yourself, this can cause serious damage. Let your dog do the work and only intervene if absolutely necessary. 
  3. Be prepared for after the birth, have a warm blanket and some towels ready to help dry off the puppies and the mother.
  4. Make sure you have plenty of food and water on hand, both for you and your dog. This is a stressful event and I’m sure everyone will be hungry and thirsty afterwards!
  5. And finally, remember to stay calm. This can be a stressful time but if you remain calm, it will help your dog stay calm as well. Birth is an extraordinary event and by following these tip

How long are Pugs pregnant for?

If you’re the proud parent of a Pug, then you’re likely wondering how long your little one will be pregnant for. Pugs are pregnant for an average of 63 days, but there can be some variation from one dog to another, so it could be a little longer, or less.

This is why it’s important to have your Pug checked by a veterinarian early on in her pregnancy, so that they can give you a more accurate estimate of how long she’ll be pregnant for. If everything goes well, you can expect your Pug to give birth to a litter of healthy puppies within two months! Congratulations 🙂

Conclusion: How Many Puppies Can a Pug Have in a Litter?

Pugs are a cute and harmless little breed and tend to produce a sizable litter.

A veterinarian will be able to confirm the number of puppies that your Pug is expecting, however, Pugs, on average, tend to have between 4 to 6 puppies in each litter.

If your Pug is on the larger side, there is a possibility they could produce up to 9 puppies.

There is also a possibility a Pug could produce a single puppy, this is known as Single Puppy Syndrome, but this is very rare.

How Many Puppies A Pug Can Have by Miniature Friends
Professional References:

Below are the references used in this content to professional academic research institutions and medical associations, that have been used to help inform the content in this article. To learn more about our process of creating content, please see our about page.

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